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© 2003 Roger Portell, Florida Museum of Natural History
© 2008 Royal Tyrrell Museum
© 2003 Gary Andrashko, Illinois State Museum
What are Turtles? Turtles are a very distinctive group of reptiles that have a curved or dome-shaped shell covering most of their body. Tortoises are a group of turtles that are highly adapted for a terrestrial mode of life, but other turtles can be found in forests, streams, ponds, and oceans. Modern turtles have a beak, but lack teeth. Many turtles can pull the head, limbs, and tail into the shell for protection, and precisely how they do this is one of the characters used to divide turtles into subgroups. Turtles first appear in the Late Triassic, but they are so distinct even in the fossil record that their exact relationship to other reptiles is still under study.
First known fossil occurrence: Triassic.
Last known fossil occurrence: Quaternary. This group has living relatives.
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