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Avitelmessus grapsoideus
Avitelmessus grapsoideus
© 1998 Dr. Richard Paselk, Humboldt State University Natural History Museum

Hesslerella shermani
Hesslerella shermani
© 2005 The Virtual Fossil Museum

© 2003 Thomas Kammer

What are Crustaceans? Crustaceans include a diversity of marine, freshwater, and terrestrial animals. All crustaceans have a head with five pairs of appendages, two of which are antennae. But the number of body segments, appendages on the thorax and abdomen, and presence of a tail vary between groups. Many microscopic crustaceans, like krill and brine shrimp, are members of the marine plankton, an important food source for other animals in the sea. Shrimp, lobsters, crabs, crayfish, and barnacles are crustaceans, as are the pill bugs found on the forest floor or city sidewalk.

First known fossil occurrence: Cambrian.

Last known fossil occurrence: Quaternary. This group has living relatives.

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