Molluscs

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Pecten byramensis
Pecten byramensis
© 2005 George E. Phillips, Mississippi Museum of Natural Science


Chlamys corteziana
© 2009 Ana Luisa Carreno

Worthenia sp.
Worthenia sp.
© 1998 Dr. Richard Paselk, Humboldt State University Natural History Museum

What are Molluscs? One of the largest and most diverse groups, the Mollusca includes the easily recognizable clams, slugs, snails, and squid, as well as less familiar animals such as chitons, tusk shells, and monoplacophorans. The extinct ammonites and belemnites are also molluscs. All molluscs possess a mantle, a sheath of tissue formed from the body wall. Most have a shell made of calcium carbonate that is secreted by the mantle. Molluscs can be found on land, as well as in freshwater and marine environments, from tide pools to the deep ocean trenches.

First known fossil occurrence: Cambrian.

Last known fossil occurrence: Quaternary. This group has living relatives.

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