Vertebrates

> Fishes | Early Tetrapods | Amphibians | Reptiles | Mammal Relatives | Mammals

See More Images
(279 total)

Hesperocyon gregarius
Hesperocyon gregarius
© 1998 Dr. Richard Paselk, Humboldt State University Natural History Museum

Miohippus acutidens
Miohippus acutidens
© 2000 public domain

Diceratherium
Diceratherium
© 1996 public domain

What are Vertebrates? Vertebrates, which include fish, birds, mammals, and more, are a very diverse group of animals. They come in all shapes and sizes, from the 8 millimeter-long goby (fish) to Argentinosaurus, a dinosaur that was 42 meters long. They live in all kinds of habitats, from the deep sea to the air, and from the tropics to the arctic. Some just have skin, but others have hair, feathers, scales, or other coverings. Vertebrates are chordates that have a backbone, and their fossil record extends back to the Cambrian.

Note: Their chordate relatives are discussed in Hemichordates and Chordates.

First known fossil occurrence: Cambrian.

Last known fossil occurrence: Quaternary. This group has living relatives.

Cool Vertebrates links:

Search for images of Vertebrates on Google

help

site tour | about the site | site map | site credits | page credits | help | FAQs | contact
© | editorial policy | awards | teachers' guide | site generator | About RSS

paleontology news:   recent site additions: